According to the UN Charter, the protection of human rights is one of the most important tasks of the United Nations. Three years after its founding, the UN defined these rights as universal, that is, valid for all human beings. With the status of a treaty under international law, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was born. In 2006, the General Assembly decided to establish a Human Rights Council, which today is the central body in the area of human rights protection.
Despite this comprehensive treaty of the United Nations and the agreement of the international community that human rights have a worldwide validity claim for every human being, serious violations of human rights occur all over the world. People are persecuted, imprisoned and tortured because of their political beliefs, they are denied the right to food by structural disadvantage, and the right to peace has been disregarded in many regions for years by civil war. But also in countries that claim to protect human rights to a high degree, rights such as freedom of opinion and assembly, equality before the law and the right to a livable environment have to be constantly demanded and renewed and require special justification in political decision-making processes.
70 years Universal Declaration of Human Rights and eleven years Human Rights Council – at DMUN e.V. we take these anniversaries as an opportunity to deal with the annual theme 70 years human rights – between global demands and individual reality.
Our aim is to educate the broadest possible public, especially adolescents and young adults, about the United Nations’ current commitment to human rights protection. This also entails a critical reflection on the work of the international community, especially of the UN Human Rights Council. We ask how the United Nations is a suitable institution for the enforcement of human rights, and in which areas its work needs to be intensified or rather restructured in order to sustainably improve the human rights situation on a global scale.