The work of the committees, on one hand, consists of formal debates, which are held on the basis of the rules of procedure, which are inspired by real UN-rules of procedure and the UN Charter. On the other hand, it consist of informal sessions, in which participants can negotiate in diplomatic dialogues and work out joint drafts for resolutions. By the way: non-governmental organizations and the press are a part such a conference, as well.
Compared to conventional teaching methods, the MUN concept has three decisive advantages: First, the participants learn the working procedures of the United Nations and get to understand their meaning. Secondly, they get comprehensive insights into international politics in all its complexity. Thirdly, they develop personal competencies, train their rhetoric skills and test themselves in negotiation situations.
There are MUNs all around the world, in lots of languages and for different age groups. Each conference has its particularities – what they have in common, however, is the aim to give participants an understanding of the work of the United Nations, to strengthen their interest for and understanding of foreign cultures, and to offer them an exciting, enriching and fun-filled experience.